Pearl Harbor, an American naval base in Honolulu, Hawaii, which was the scene of a brutal surprise attack by Japanese military forces on December 7, 1940. Just before 9 a.m., hundreds of Japanese planes swooped down on the USS Hornet and the USS Yorktown, which were two of the largest naval vessels on the high seas. As a result, they were attacked by nearly 100 Japanese fighters, which destroyed or damaged more than 200 airplanes and damaged more than a dozen American ships including four battleships.
In order to fight back against this fierce attack, the American battleship’s crew had to abandon their boats at the docks, take shelter in their ships, and defend their weapons and other supplies at gunpoint. Once the attacks began, there was no time to think and no time to take appropriate actions; all they had to do was to prepare for the worst, hoping that their luck would run out as soon as they left their boat at the dock.
Pearl Harbor was the second most important battle fought in World War II, after Midway. When the U.S. Navy launched the first attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, it was a surprise; however, once the attacking forces were identified, it was determined that the attack was to be launched on an isolated part of the island, which was situated far from any airfields and also away from any shipping routes. Although many Americans were familiar with the location of Pearl Harbor and its significance, the Japanese had already moved their forces to the area and were waiting for the moment when they would launch their surprise attack. They knew very well that the U.S. Navy was stationed in the vicinity of the islands and had strong defenses against a sneak attack.
When the time finally came, the U.S. Navy was able to take advantage of the confusion and retreat to the area surrounding Pearl Harbor – it is said that one of the planes missed the target and hit the water before it could be fired upon. Despite the damage, the Japanese did not manage to get close enough to attack the island or the battleships; they only succeeded in damaging the USS Hornet. and the USS Yorktown, which was not far away from the water, but not in a position that they could have been used as a diversion.
Once the Japanese attacked the battleships and the Navy had taken action, they turned their attention to the smaller warships, including the USS Cabot. It is believed that they were hoping to capture Pearl Harbor. Harbor but were unable to take any of the nearby ships because they were destroyed or too damaged to move. As a result, the U.S. Navy had to concentrate its efforts on defending its battleships from attacks from the Japanese carriers.
When the attack on Pearl Harbor started, the U.S. Navy placed a Japanese flag atop the USS Hornet, which was the most important ship in the Pearl Harbor Area, signaling to the Japanese that they were on watch for a possible attack on their base. This was to be the prelude to the Second World War – the U.S. Navy had not yet declared war on Japan. Although the Japanese had been warned ahead of time that the U.S. Navy was in the region, they did not have the time to launch a successful attack and were not expecting such an attack, and they were in no hurry to do so, and it would be the Americans who actually launched the surprise attack since they were afraid that the Americans would not be willing to take responsibility for the destruction caused by their attacks.
On the morning of December 10, the carrier strike group of the USS Enterprise arrived at the vicinity of the island and started firing on and destroying the Japanese carriers and other large ships. As soon as the action began, many of the Japanese aircraft and destroyers fled back to the Pearl Harbor area, thinking that they had escaped from their destruction and that they were going to live another day.
By the afternoon, the battleship group had been joined by the battleship USS Midway. In an effort to trap the Japanese carriers, the battleship USS Enterprise and the cruiser USS Midway both fired their main guns at the carrier group, although this did not seem to do anything more than stop the ships from escaping.